How Liquor Is Made

How Liquor Is Made

Liquor Store N Arlington

How liquor Is Made

Also referred to as ‘hard liquor’ or spirits, liquor is a generic term used to describe a wide variety of alcoholic beverages which are made by distillation.  Liquors usually contain significantly higher alcoholic contents than other alcoholic beverages such as beer or wine. Although in theory this is a simple process, it is quite complex in practice given the large quantity of liquor that is produced by a single company every single day. Below is a simplified process showing how liquor is produced.

Mash preparation

This is the first process where large amounts of the raw materials or ingredients are crushed and mixed with water in huge containers. Preparing the mash often involves conditioning the mixture such that the sugars contained in the main ingredient can become suitable to be consumed by the yeast.


When the mixture is ready to be fermented, it is transferred to the fermentation tank. Yeast is added to the mixture which is now referred to as ‘mash’. The mash is then fermented under specific temperatures depending on the acidity and sugar content until it has an alcohol content of between 7% and 9 %.


The resultant alcohol which can be beer or wine depending on the base ingredients is then heated or cooked in order to remove impurities, undesirable parts and water. The resulting steam or vapor is then condensed and collected in a separate container. This distillate is now more concentrated and it is referred to as liquor. Some spirits are distilled more than once in order to make them more concentrated.


While distillation can be the end product for some types of spirits, others such as whiskey have to be stored to mature in wooden barrels for several years. This process is known as aging.


What Differentiates Liquor?

 Ingredients used

Although the basic raw material for most liquors are grains such as rye, barley, corn and wheat, other raw materials including fruit and vegetables can be used. Different types of liquors are produced using different types of ingredients and this affects the taste and even the quality of the liquors.

Distillation process

Other liquors are distilled twice or even three times more than others. This usually affects the flavor, and determines the concentration and the purity of the resultant liquor. If liquor is distilled severally, it becomes more concentrated and loses most of the flavors. Examples of pure and more concentrated spirits include Gin and Vodka.

Origin of the liquor

There are basically four types of whiskeys which are produced in four countries; America, Canada, Scotland and Ireland. These are American Bourbon, Canadian whiskey, scotch and Irish whiskey respectively.

Blending and Aging

After distillation, some liquors are packaged and sold as they are while others are stored and aged in wooden barrels for a number of years. Aging affects the color and adds more flavor to the liquor.

For example, all whiskies are aged and this is why they are rich in color unlike vodka and Gin which are clear spirits.

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Liquor Store N Arlington, TX

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